Sunday, October 24, 2010
1. Male' has a population of over 100,000 people. Official number in 2006 indicates 103,693 living in Male'.
2. Congestion in Male' is so severe, it is difficult to walk around, drive or ride in Male'.
3. Housing conditions are very poor and families live in small rooms less than 120 square feet, and it is among the cities with the highest population density in the world.
The list goes on...bottom line is, Male' is not at all suitable for anyone who wants a decent living, raise a family, and live a peaceful life. The reason, is OVER-POPULATION! How we have got here, is a very long story. Long story short, mainly due to policies that attracted people, and these policies were for political reasons.
We all had very high hopes and expectations when the present government came to power. I was happy to see a President talk about important economic reforms needed for the country. He was ready to take, and took drastic measures in 2009, in order to address the macro economic imbalances. The government made political hard decisions, for the benefit of the broader economic well-being. And that's something we need to applaud.
However, some of the recent events have made me think, that the present government doesnt want the population of Male' to be reduced. The President doesnt want the outer atolls to be developed? Recently, he has inaugurated the building of a flat for teachers in MALE'. He has repeatedly talked about construction of flats in Majeedhee Magu, MALE'. And also in another location in MALE'. A military hospital in MALE'. New Dhiraagu Building, in MALE'. All this, when we have enough barren land in Hulhumale', and if all these projects were diverted to Hulhumale', at least there will be no additional inflow to Male', and will lead to settlement and development of Hulhumale'. At least people living in those flats and buildings can have a better decent living.
Wednesday, October 6, 2010
Maldives embarked on ambitious political reforms, and adopted a new Constitution two years back. Under the new Constitution, we’ve been ensured separation of powers, with an ‘omnipotent’ Parliament, an independent Judiciary, and a ‘helpless’ Executive. The Constitution guarantees the citizens so many rights, so that the Courts cannot convict us so easily, as was a our current President convicted for stealing from Velaanaage.
An independent Civil Service Commission is formed, replacing the Public Service Division inside the President’s Office. There are five members with huge salaries heading this commission. Apart from this commission, there are many other commissions and institutions that were formed since then. Following is a list:
1. Human Rights Commission
2. Judicial Service Commission
3. Police Integrity Commission
4. Prosecutor General’s Office
5. Elections Commission
6. Anti-Corruption Commission
7. Employment Tribunal
8. Maldives Media Council
9. Maldives Inland Revenue Authority
10. Local Government Authority
11. The Supreme Court
Most of these commissions have at least five members, earning almost the same remuneration as a cabinet minister. The newly elected Parliament has 77 members, also earning a fortune. The Supreme Court – with 7 Judges!
We’re not done yet. Soon, there’ll be at least 5 Councilors governing every inhabited island. At least 5 Atoll Councilors in each atoll. In order to support the salaries of all these people, the civil servants, and the politicians, our country will be spending almost Rf5 billion every year, while the government revenue reaches almost only Rf7 billion! The situation gets worse with the increased number of political appointees, and the promises of the politicians to increase the salaries of the civil servants.
So, what have we achieved since the reforms began? I see, mostly ‘rent-seeking’ activities, whereby people in powerful positions and high bargaining power, trying to maximize their personal gains, and trying the control as many poor, helpless people in the society. The society has become so polarized, the objective of the people in the opposition being toppling the government at any cost, even if it means destroying the society at large.
On the macro front, the economy has become extremely vulnerable, and the country is spending about Rf 900 billion on imports of goods every month. When we take into account the outflow of dollars from Maldivians traveling abroad, and other expenditures, we are spending more than we earn, at every level of the economy. Meaning, the government expenditure is greater than its revenue. The dollar outflow is greater than the inflow. At the end of the day, the country is faced with a twin deficit – a budget deficit and a current account deficit. Meanwhile, the IMF has stated that Asia will be engine of growth in 2010 and 2011, with high economic growth in China, India, and other South East Asian economies. Our closest neighbor, Sri Lanka, expanded its economy by 8.5 percent in the three months to end June from a year earlier (Bloomberg). Its economy is expected to grow at 8 percent this year according to the Central Bank of Sri Lanka.
Bottom line is, we are paying a very high price for the reforms that we began few years ago. Hey, I’m not saying that we go back to the old days, or to amend the Constitution like the Sri Lankans did.